No Smoking Here: Examining Reasons for Noncompliance With a Smoke-Free Policy in a Large University
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This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Nicotine & Tobacco Research following peer review. The version of record: Jancey, Jonine and Bowser, Nicole and Burns, Sharyn and Crawford, Gemma and Portsmouth, Linda and Smith, Jennifer. 2014. No Smoking Here: Examining Reasons for Noncompliance With a Smoke-Free Policy in a Large University. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 16 (7): pp. 976-983. is available online at: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntu012">http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntu012</a>
Introduction: A large Australian university introduced a campus-wide smoke-free policy in 2012. Almost 1 year after implementation, reasons for noncompliance among people observed smoking on campus were examined. Methods: Six smoking locations on campus were identified after a campus-wide audit of smoking indicators (i.e., discarded cigarette butts packets and people observed smoking). At these locations, those observed smokers were interviewed. Interview responses were examined to elicit underlying themes. Results: Fifty people were seen smoking during the observation period. Those smokers interviewed comprised staff (27%) and students (73%) aged between 18 and 24 (45.9%). The majority of the students were international students (51.8%). All respondents acknowledged their awareness of the smoke-free policy. Five explanatory themes for noncompliance emerged: defiance against the policy’s perceived threat to self-governance; inconvenience to travel off campus to smoke; smoking as a physiological necessity; unintentional noncompliance through unawareness or confusion of policy boundaries; and ease of avoidance of detection or exposing others to cigarette smoke. Conclusions: Creating a culture of compliance at the University remains a significant challenge, especially considering the size of the campus, the high proportion of international students, and the logistics associated with monitoring smoking behavior in outdoor areas and on-campus student housing.
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Moving forward: a cross sectional baseline study of staff and student attitudes towards a totally smoke free university campusBurns, Sharyn; Jancey, Jonine; Bowser, Nicole; Comfort, Jude; Crawford, Gemma; Hallett, Jonathan; Shields, Bree; Portsmouth, Linda (2013)Background: Baseline data were collected to inform the adoption, implementation and institutionalisation phases of a completely smoke free campus policy at a large Western Australian university with a diverse student and ...
Burns, S.; Hart, E.; Jancey, J.; Hallett, J.; Crawford, Gemma; Portsmouth, L. (2016)Background: Total smoking bans have been found to contribute positively to the health of non-smokers by reducing exposure to second-hand smoke, and to enhance the likelihood of cessation among smokers. Methods: Two ...
An exploratory study of smokers’ and stakeholders’ expectations of the implementation of a smoke-free policy in a university settingBurns, Sharyn; Bowser, Nicole; Smith, J.; Jancey, Jonine; Crawford, Gemma (2014)Issues addressed: Smoke-free policies restricting tobacco use in public places are common in many middle- and high-income countries. Implementation of a smoke-free policy does not automatically result in a smoke-free ...