Earning a living in PNG: From subsistence to a cash economy
MetadataShow full item record
This chapter addresses the question of how individuals and families in rural PNG respond to major livelihood threats as they make the transition from a subsistence mode of life to become increasingly integrated into the global economy through export cash cropping. Two case studies are presented: cocoa farmers on the Gazelle Peninsula of East New Britain Province (ENB) and oil palm migrant farmers residing on the Hoskins Land Settlement Scheme in West New Britain Province (WNB). The cocoa farming community of Gazelle Peninsula began growing cocoa on their customary land in the 1950s with encouragement by the Australian administration. Since 2006 they have been confronted with an introduced cocoa pest, Cocoa Pod Borer (CPB), which is devastating their cocoa crop and livelihoods. The migrant oil palm farmers voluntarily took up State agricultural leases of 6 ha blocks in the late 1960s and early 1970s and are now experiencing population and resource pressures as their children marry and begin raising their own families on their parents’ blocks. By examining the pressures emerging among farming households as they make the transition to a market economy, the chapter highlights some of the key challenges and pressures of contemporary rural life for people in the Global South such as declining access to land, increased dependence on cash, fluctuating cash crop prices and changing lifestyle values.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Farming or Foraging?: Household Labour and Livelihood Strategies amongst Smallholder Cocoa Growers in Papua New GuineaCurry, George; Koczberski, Gina; Omuru, E.; Nailina, R. (2007)Drawing on household level studies of cocoa production amongst village communities in Papua New Guinea’s Gazelle Peninsula, Farming or Foraging? presents a socio-economic and cultural model of smallholder productivity. ...
Xu, Yan (2009)Current research on corporate cash holdings is set within the contemporary corporate cash-holding conceptual framework established by Opler et al. (1999), which consist of the static trade-off theory, the pecking-order ...
Cheung, Adrian (2016)We identify three channels and the corresponding mechanisms through which corporate social responsibility (CSR) may affect corporate cash holdings. CSR firms are expected to have relatively low cash holdings because they ...