Manipulating the orientation of an organic adsorbate on silicon: a NEXAFS study of acetophenone on Si(0 0 1)
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We investigate the chemical and structural configuration of acetophenone on Si(0 0 1) using synchrotron radiation core-level spectroscopy techniques and density functional theory calculations. Samples were prepared by vapour phase dosing of clean Si(0 0 1) surfaces with acetophenone in ultrahigh vacuum. Near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and photoelectron spectroscopy measurements were made at room temperature as a function of coverage density and post-deposition anneal temperature. We show that the dominant room temperature adsorption structure lies flat on the substrate, while moderate thermal annealing induces the breaking of Si-C bonds between the phenyl ring and the surface resulting in the reorientation of the adsorbate into an upright configuration.
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