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dc.contributor.authorLau, Shiew Wei
dc.contributor.authorTang, S.D.
dc.contributor.authorAng, Ming
dc.contributor.authorSen, Tushar
dc.contributor.authorChua, Han Bing
dc.contributor.editorSingapore International Water Week - Water Convention
dc.identifier.citationLau, S.W. and Tang, S.D. and Ang, M. and Sen, T. and Chua, H.B. 2014. Dual-Conditioning of Sludge using Chitosan and Metal Cations, in Singapore International Water Week - Water Convention (ed), Singapore International Water Week - Water Convention 2014, Jun 1-5 2014. Singapore: Singapore International Water Week - Water Convention.

Sludge dewatering is important in sludge management and disposal. In practice, chemical conditioners are often introduced to aid sludge dewatering. This study investigated the simultaneous application of chitosan and metal cations as dual-conditioners to improve sludge dewaterability. The dewatering performance of sludge was evaluated using three common measurements i.e. the capillary suction time (CST) test, specific resistance to filtration (SRF) test, and moisture content of the filtered sludge cake. The effectiveness of metal cation in sludge conditioning and dewatering was found in an ascending order of Na+ < K+ ≈ Mg2+ < Ca2+ < Al3+ < Fe3+. Dual-conditioning using chitosan and metal cation further enhanced sludge dewaterability in a similar manner. Cations may have significant effects on sludge conditioning by neutralisation of the negative surface charges, bridging of the floc components and salting out effect, leading to improved dewaterability when used in conjunction with chitosan.

dc.publisherSingapore International Water Week - Water Convention
dc.subjectsludge dewatering
dc.subjectmetal cation
dc.titleDual-Conditioning of Sludge using Chitosan and Metal Cations
dc.typeConference Paper
dcterms.source.titleWater Convention 2014 Conference Proceedings
dcterms.source.seriesWater Convention 2014 Conference Proceedings
dcterms.source.conferenceSingapore International Water Week - Water Convention 2014
dcterms.source.conference-start-dateJun 1 2014
curtin.departmentCurtin Sarawak
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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