Cross-national gender differences in the socioeconomic factors associated with smoking in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea
MetadataShow full item record
ObjectivesWe compared rates of smoking among those aged 45 years and older in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea, and examined cross-national gender differences in key socioeconomic differentials in smoking.MethodsWe conducted weighted analyses on cross-sectional data from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2006.ResultsCurrent smoking was more prevalent for males than females in all countries; the gender difference was largest in Korea. Being unpartnered increased the likelihood of smoking in all countries, while greater wealth reduced it. In Korea, these effects interacted with gender; both indicators showed larger differentials among women than men. Lower educational attainment increased the likelihood of smoking for all groups except Korean women, among whom high school educated women were less likely to smoke than the tertiary educated.ConclusionsOur findings support a cultural interpretation of gender differences in smoking: in countries with low gender empowerment, gender differences in smoking are greater. With increasing divorce and female tertiary education rates in nations like Korea, we highlight the need for health promotion messages targeted towards older and more educated women.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Alcohol, tobacco and other drug concerns of newly arrived 'CaLD' (culturally and linguistically diverse) women in PerthLee, Susan Kaye (2008)Womens Health Services (WHS) in Perth provides medical services, counselling, information, community talks and workshops, referral, and outreach to women in Western Australia. WHS works with women from over sixty different ...
Giglia, Roslyn Carmel (2007)The consumption of alcohol and smoking of cigarettes are both common practices in Australian society. With continued public health efforts exposure to both alcohol and nicotine during pregnancy has diminished, however ...
Making the links between women’s health and women’s lives in Papua New Guinea: Implications for policy and health care deliveryHinton, Rachael (2009)International perspectives of women’s health have drawn on biomedical solutions and pathology-based aspects, and one of the main components of a changing and evolving definition of women’s health is to provide an alternative ...