Cross-national gender differences in the socioeconomic factors associated with smoking in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea
MetadataShow full item record
ObjectivesWe compared rates of smoking among those aged 45 years and older in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea, and examined cross-national gender differences in key socioeconomic differentials in smoking.MethodsWe conducted weighted analyses on cross-sectional data from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2006.ResultsCurrent smoking was more prevalent for males than females in all countries; the gender difference was largest in Korea. Being unpartnered increased the likelihood of smoking in all countries, while greater wealth reduced it. In Korea, these effects interacted with gender; both indicators showed larger differentials among women than men. Lower educational attainment increased the likelihood of smoking for all groups except Korean women, among whom high school educated women were less likely to smoke than the tertiary educated.ConclusionsOur findings support a cultural interpretation of gender differences in smoking: in countries with low gender empowerment, gender differences in smoking are greater. With increasing divorce and female tertiary education rates in nations like Korea, we highlight the need for health promotion messages targeted towards older and more educated women.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Alcohol, tobacco and other drug concerns of newly arrived 'CaLD' (culturally and linguistically diverse) women in PerthLee, Susan Kaye (2008)Womens Health Services (WHS) in Perth provides medical services, counselling, information, community talks and workshops, referral, and outreach to women in Western Australia. WHS works with women from over sixty different ...
Temporal change to self-rated health in the Swiss population from 1997 to 2012: the roles of age, gender, and educationVolken, T.; Wieber, F.; Ruesch, P.; Huber, M.; Crawford, Rebecca (2017)Â© 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health Objectives Our study aimed to describe the temporal changes in self-rated health status (SRH) from 1997 to 2012 in adults aged 25 to 84 residing in Switzerland, with a view to ...
Giglia, Roslyn Carmel (2007)The consumption of alcohol and smoking of cigarettes are both common practices in Australian society. With continued public health efforts exposure to both alcohol and nicotine during pregnancy has diminished, however ...