Cross-cultural development and psychometric evaluation of a measure to assess fear of childbirth prior to pregnancy
|dc.identifier.citation||Stoll, K. and Hauck, Y. and Downe, S. and Edmonds, J. and Gross, M. and Malott, A. and McNiven, P. et al. 2015. Cross-cultural development and psychometric evaluation of a measure to assess fear of childbirth prior to pregnancy. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare. 8: pp. 49-54.|
© 2016. Background: Assessment of childbirth fear, in advance of pregnancy, and early identification of modifiable factors contributing to fear can inform public health initiatives and/or school-based educational programming for the next generation of maternity care consumers. We developed and evaluated a short fear of birth scale that incorporates the most common dimensions of fear reported by men and women prior to pregnancy, fear of: labour pain, being out of control and unable to cope with labour and birth, complications, and irreversible physical damage. Methods: University students in six countries (Australia, Canada, England, Germany, Iceland, and the United States, n = 2240) participated in an online survey to assess their fears and attitudes about birth. We report internal consistency reliability, corrected-item-to-total correlations, factor loadings and convergent and discriminant validity of the new scale. Results: The Childbirth Fear - Prior to Pregnancy (CFPP) scale showed high internal consistency across samples (a > 0.86). All corrected-item-to total correlations exceeded 0.45, supporting the uni-dimensionality of the scale. Construct validity of the CFPP was supported by a high correlation between the new scale and a two-item visual analogue scale that measures fear of birth (r > 0.6 across samples). Weak correlations of the CFPP with scores on measures that assess related psychological states (anxiety, depression and stress) support the discriminant validity of the scale. Conclusion: The CFPP is a short, reliable and valid measure of childbirth fear among young women and men in six countries who plan to have children.
|dc.title||Cross-cultural development and psychometric evaluation of a measure to assess fear of childbirth prior to pregnancy|
|dcterms.source.title||Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare|
|curtin.department||School of Nursing and Midwifery|
|curtin.accessStatus||Fulltext not available|
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