Using Coloured Cognitive Maps to Support Design with a Positive Lens
MetadataShow full item record
The premise of this paper is that there exists a duality between a positive lens, which focuses on solutions and improvements and a negative lens, which focuses on understanding what problems there are and why they are so. This paper asserts that a focus on a situation with a positive lens should be complemented by use of a negative lens to gain an understanding of undesirable aspects of a problem solution – what the nature of the problem situation is, what its causes are and what the consequences of the problem are. Alleviation of problem situations and obtaining an effective focus on what can be done to improve on problem situations are only possible with real and thorough understanding of them. Only once there is a clear understanding of the problematic situation at hand and any desirable goals of alleviation of the problem(s) and its (their) causes can effective design proceed. This paper proposes employing a new form of cognitive mapping (coloured cognitive maps) as a way to both understand a problem situation (using a negative lens) and as a way to derive proposals for solution means and make decisions about which means are most appropriate (using a positive lens). The shift from problem understanding to design expressly represents a shift in focus from the necessary negative lens to a positive lens focusing on a desirable future state in which understood problems and their causes can be resolved. The proposed technique directly supports this transition and re-focussing.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Situational Positioning: A Grounded Theory of Registered Nurse Decision-making in Western Australian Nursing HomesScott, Beverley Margaret (2003)This grounded theory study investigated how registered nurses (RNs) managed problem-solving and decision-making in residential aged care facilities (nursing homes) in Western Australia. The outcome of the study was the ...
Modelling the co-occurence of Streptococcus pneumoniae with other bacterial and viral pathogens in the upper respiratory tractJacoby, P.; Watson, K.; Bowman, J.; Taylor, A.; Riley, T.; Smith, D.; Lehmann, Deborah (2007)Go to ScienceDirect® Home Skip Main Navigation Links Brought to you by: The University of Western Australia Library Login: + Register Athens/Institution Login Not Registered? - User Name: Password: ...
Hiding behind a mask : a grounded theory study of perioperative nurses’ experiences of participating in multi-organ procurement surgerySmith, Zaneta (2012)Multi-organ procurement surgical procedures are undertaken on donors who have consented at the time of their death to donate multiple organs, body parts or tissues. These donors fulfil the criteria for donation by either ...