Replacement processes in the earth's crust
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Afundamental question in metamorphism is: What is the mechanism that converts one mineral assemblage into another in response to a change in the physical and/or chemical environment? The fact that aqueous fluids must be involved in such large-scale re-equilibration has been demonstrated by petrological, mineralogical, micro-structural and isotopic data. Fluid-mineral reactions take place by dissolution-precipitation processes, but converting one rock into another requires pervasive transport of reactive fluid through the entire rock. The generation of reaction-induced porosity and the spatial and temporal coupling of dissolution and precipitation can account for fluid and element transport through rocks and the replacement of one mineral assemblage by another.
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