Electrical Discharge Machining of MMCs Reinforced with Very Small Particles
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This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Materials and Manufacturing Processes on 29/5/2015 available online at <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10426914.2015.1048360">http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10426914.2015.1048360</a>
This paper investigates material removal rate (MRR), kerf width, surface finish, and electrode wire wear for different pule-on-times as well as wire tensions during EDM of 6061 aluminum alloy reinforced with 10 vol % 700 nm SiCp MMC. Effects of pulse-on-time on output variables at lower and higher wire tensions were investigated. Similarly, effects of the wire tensions on output variables at shorter and longer pulse-on-times were also investigated. Longer pule-on-time increases the MRR though the higher wire tension reduces the MMR. The effect of wire tension on MRR is much more significant at longer pule-on-time compare to that at shorter pule-on-time. There is an optimum pule-on-time for which best surface finish is achieved. The surface finish deteriorates when the pulse-on-time is higher or lower than the optimum pule-on-time. With the rise of tension in wire, the surface roughness increases and decreases at shorter and longer pule-on-times, respectively. The machined surface contains solidified molten material, splash of materials, and blisters. Generation of the tapered slot with higher kerf width at the top indicates the wear of wire electrode. Significant variation of the electrode wire diameter was due to coating of the matrix, wear, and clogging of small reinforced particles in the electrode gap.
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