The effect of diesel exhaust exposure on blood-brain barrier integrity and function in a murine model
MetadataShow full item record
Epidemiological studies indicate that exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) is associated with vascular-based disorders. To investigate the effect of DE on blood-brain barrier (BBB) function and integrity, 8-week-old BALB/c mice were randomized to DE in a cyclical treatment regimen over a 2-week period. Functional integrity of BBB was determined by considering brain parenchymal abundance of IgG within the hippocampal formation and cortex at 6h and 24h intervals following final exposure treatment. Neurovascular inflammation was expressed as the abundance of glial fibrillar acidic protein. Two doses of DE were studied and compared to air-only treated mice. Mice exposed to DE had substantially greater abundance of parenchymal IgG compared to control mice not exposed to DE. Increased parenchymal glial fibrillar acidic protein at 24h post-DE exposure suggested heightened neurovascular inflammation. Our findings are proof-of-concept that inhalation of DE can compromise BBB function and support the broader contention that DE exposure may contribute to neurovascular disease risk.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Disruption of blood-brain barrier function by chronic intake of saturated fat and cholesterol : implications for Alzheimer’s disease riskTakechi, Ryusuke (2010)It has been reported that lifestyle including diet is associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) risk and progression. Population studies indicate that the chronic consumption of diets enriched in saturated fats (SFA) and ...
Pallebage-Gamarallage, Menuka Madhavi Somapala (2012)Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia pathologically characterised by neurovascular inflammation, extracellular proteinaceous deposits enriched in amyloid-β (Aβ) and formation of neurofibrillar ...
Larcombe, A.; Phan, J.; Kicic, A.; Perks, K.; Mead-Hunter, Ryan; Mullins, Ben (2014)Context: Mice are commonly used in studies investigating the effects of diesel exhaust exposure on respiratory health. A plethora of studies in this field has resulted in a range of exposure protocols, from inhalation of ...