Validation of a brief stigma-by-association scale for use with HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa
MetadataShow full item record
This study validated a brief stigma-by-association scale for use with South African youth (adapted from the HIV Stigma-by-Association Scale for Adolescents). Participants were 723 youth (364 male, 359 female) from poor urban communities around Cape Town. Youths completed the brief stigma-by-association scale and measures of bullying victimisation and peer-problems, as well as inventories measuring symptoms of depression and anxiety. Exploratory analyses revealed that the scale consists of two subscales: (1) experience of stigma-by-association and (2) consequences of stigma-by-association. This two factor structure was obtained in the full sample and both the HIV/AIDS-affected and unaffected subgroups. The full stigma-by-association scale showed excellent reliability (α = 0.89–0.90) and reliabilities for both subscales were also good (α = 0.78–0.87). As predicted, children living in HIV/AIDS-affected households obtained significantly higher stigma-by-association scores than children in non-affected households [F(1, 693) = 46.53, p<0.001, partial η 2=0.06] and hypothesized correlations between stigma-by-association, bullying, peer problems, depression and anxiety symptoms were observed. It is concluded that the brief stigma-by-association scale is a reliable and valid instrument for use with South African youth; however, further confirmatory research regarding the structure of the scale is required.
This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 2013, copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/">http://www.tandfonline.com/</a>. doi: <a href="http://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2012.699668">http://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2012.699668</a>
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Psychometric Properties of the Child PTSD Checklist in a Community Sample of South African Children and AdolescentsBoyes, Mark; Cluver, L.; Gardner, F. (2012)Objective: The current study assessed the basic psychometric properties of the Child PTSD Checklist and examined the structure of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a large sample of South African youth. ...
Gardner, F.; Waller, R.; Maughan, B.; Cluver, L.; Boyes, Mark (2015)Research in high-income countries has identified an array of risk factors for youth antisocial behavior. However, in low- and middle-income countries, despite higher prevalence of offending and antisocial behavior, there ...
Risk and Protective Factors for Physical and Emotional Abuse Victimisation amongst Vulnerable Children in South AfricaMeinck, F.; Cluver, L.; Boyes, Mark; Ndhlovu, L. (2015)Little is known about risk and protective factors for emotional and physical child abuse in South Africa. Existing research has focused largely on sexual abuse and relied on recollections of childhood abuse from university ...