Antenna Array Characterization via Radio Interferometry Observation of Astronomical Sources
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We present an in-situ antenna characterization method and results for a “low-frequency” radio astronomy engineering prototype array, characterized over the 75–300 MHz frequency range. The presence of multiple cosmic radio sources, particularly the dominant Galactic noise, makes in-situ characterization at these frequencies challenging; however, it willbe shown that high quality measurement is possible via radio interferometry techniques. This method is well-known in the radio astronomy community but seems less so in antenna measurement and wireless communications communities, although the measurement challenges involving multiple undesired sources in the antenna field-of-view bear some similarities. We discuss this approach and our results with the expectation that this principle may find greater application in related fields.
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