Boosting oxygen reduction reaction activity of palladium by stabilizing its unusual oxidation states in perovskite
MetadataShow full item record
The high cost, scarcity, and poor stability of metallic platinum (Pt) as an oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst in fuel cells and metal-air batteries have limited the commercialization of these attractive clean-energy technologies. Thus, developing alternative electrocatalysts that are economical and achieve maximized efficiency of stably catalyzing ORR is of prime importance in the societal pursuit of sustainable energy. Metallic palladium (Pd) is an alternative electrocatalyst that is less expensive than Pt; however, its current performance remains insufficient. Here we report for the first time that the ORR activity of the different oxidation states of Pd increased in the following order: Pd0 < Pd2+ < perovskite-type ionic (Pi) Pd3/4+. Especially, the intrinsic activity on Pd active site of (Pi) Pd3/4+ is ~84-fold higher than that of Pd0. By doping the Pd element as a cation into the perovskite oxide lattice to form LaFe0.95Pd0.05O3-δ and LaFe0.9Pd0.1O3-δ, unusual oxidation states of 3/4+ for Pd are stabilized, and the catalysts exhibit superior mass activity, durability, and tolerance to methanol compared with the benchmark commercial Pt/C catalyst.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Catalytic partial oxidation of propylene to acrolein: the catalyst structure, reaction mechanisms and kineticsFansuri, Hamzah (2005)Bismuth molybdates have long been known as active catalysts for selective oxidation of olefins. There are several phases of bismuth molybdates but only three of them are known to be active for partial oxidation of propylene ...
Combined adsorption and oxidation technique for waste water treatment: potential application in permeable reactive barrierShukla, Pradeep (2010)This dissertation explores a combined adsorption and advanced oxidation technology for trapping and destruction of organic pollutants in waste water. The adsorbed/immobilized pollutant onto the surface of metal supported ...
Singh, Sukhvinder Pal (2010)Postharvest life and susceptibility to chilling injury (CI) in Japanese plums (Prunus salicina Lindl.) are greatly influenced by preharvest and postharvest factors. The phenomenon of postharvest oxidative stress has been ...