Global research neglect of population-based approaches to smoking cessation: time for a more rigorous science of population health interventions
MetadataShow full item record
ABSTRACTIt has been argued that the preponderance of studies into individual smoking cessation therapies seems grossly out of proportion to the number of people who use these therapies to quit smoking, and that this imbalance is due to factors such as the role of the pharmaceutical industry in funding research and a general bias towards individual- rather than population-based approaches to medical and health problems. We believe that there are other significant factors that affect the balance of research in smoking cessation, such as the higher standards of evidence required to justify the implementation of individual medical therapies compared with population-based interventions. We argue that research practitioners in the area of population tobacco control are well placed to address this imbalance by setting more rigorous standards of evidence for population health interventions. This could be achieved by setting aside a small proportion of funds from population health and advocacy activities to invest in studying their effectiveness. We believe that this would potentially return information of sufficient value to justify increasing overall population investment beyond the cost of the additional research component. Additional benefits would be gained from increased research in this area, such as better understanding of how to translate tobacco control initiatives to developing countries with high smoking rates, and how to target disadvantaged and marginalized populations more effectively in developed countries that continue to have high rates of smoking and low rates of smoking cessation, despite the existence of broad population-based strategies.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The Smoking MUMS (Maternal Use of Medication and Safety) Study: protocol for a population-based cohort study using linked administrative dataHavard, Alys; Jorm, Louisa; Preen, David; Daube, Mike; Kemp, Anna; Einarsdottir, Kristjana; Randall, Deborah; Tran, Duong (2013)Introduction: Approximately 14% of Australian women smoke during pregnancy. Although the risk of adverse outcomes is reduced by smoking cessation, less than 35% of Australian women quit smoking spontaneously during ...
Do smoking habits differ between women and men in contemporary Western populations?: evidence from half a million people in the UK Biobank studyPeters, S.; Huxley, Rachel; Woodward, M. (2015)Objectives: Several studies have shown that smoking may confer a greater excess risk for chronic diseases in women compared with men. The reasons for this excess risk of smoking in women are unclear, yet sex differences ...
The protocol for the Be Our Ally Beat Smoking (BOABS) study, a randomised controlled trial of an intensive smoking cessation intervention in a remote Aboriginal Australian health care setting.Marley, J.; Atkinson, D.; Nelson, C.; Kitaura, T.; Gray, Dennis; Metcalf, S.; Murray, R.; Maguire, G. (2012)Background: Australian Aboriginal peoples and Torres Strait Islanders (Indigenous Australians) smoke at much higher rates than non-Indigenous people and smoking is an important contributor to increased disease, hospital ...