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dc.contributor.authorCartwright, J.
dc.contributor.authorCheca, A.
dc.contributor.authorGale, Julian
dc.contributor.authorGebauer, D.
dc.contributor.authorIgnacio Sainz-Diaz, C.
dc.identifier.citationCartwright, Julyan H.E. and Checa, Antonio G. and Gale, Julian D. and Gebauer, Denis and Sainz-Diaz, C. Ignacio. 2012. Calcium Carbonate Polyamorphism and Its Role in Biomineralization: How Many Amorphous Calcium Carbonates Are There? Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 51 (48): pp. 11960-11970.

Although the polymorphism of calcium carbonate is well known, and its polymorphs—calcite, aragonite, and vaterite—have been highly studied in the context of biomineralization, polyamorphism is a much more recently discovered phenomenon, and the existence of more than one amorphous phase of calcium carbonate in biominerals has only very recently been understood. Here we summarize what is known about polyamorphism in calcium carbonate as well as what is understood about the role of amorphous calcium carbonate in biominerals. We show that consideration of the amorphous forms of calcium carbonate within the physical notion of polyamorphism leads to new insights when it comes to the mechanisms by which polymorphic structures can evolve in the first place. This not only has implications for our understanding of biomineralization, but also of the means by which crystallization may be controlled in medical, pharmaceutical, and industrial contexts.

dc.publisherWiley-VCH Verlag GMBH
dc.subjectsolid-state structures
dc.subjectamorphous materials
dc.subjectcalcium carbonate
dc.titleCalcium Carbonate Polyamorphism and Its Role in Biomineralization: How Many Amorphous Calcium Carbonates Are There?
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleAngewandte Chemie-International Edition
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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