Characteristics of nanoclay and calcined nanoclay-cement nanocomposites
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The influence of nanoclay (NC) and calcined nanoclay (CNC) on the mechanical and thermal properties of cement nano-composites presented. Calcined nanoclay is prepared by heating nanoclay (Cloisite 30B) at 900 °C for 2 h. Characterisation of microstructure is investigated using Quantitative X-ray Diffraction Analysis (QXDA) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). Estimation of Ca(OH)<inf>2</inf> content in the cement nanocomposite is studied by the combination of QXDA and thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) techniques. Results showed that the mechanical and thermal properties of the cement nanocomposites are improved as a result of NC and CNC addition. An optimum replacement of ordinary Portland cement with 1 wt% CNC is observed through reduced porosity and water absorption as well as increased density, compressive strength, flexural strength, fracture toughness, impact strength, hardness and thermal stability of cement nanocomposites. The microstructural analyses from QXRA and SEM indicate that the CNC acted not only as a filler to improve the microstructure, but also as the activator to support the pozzolanic reaction. Cost-benefit analysis indicates that nanoparticles are expensive but from economic point of view nanoclay is used in very small amount (i.e. 1 wt. %) in cementitious materials. As a result nanoclay does not add any significant cost but improves the mechanical properties significantly.
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Hakamy, Ahmad Magbul M; Shaikh, Faiz; Low, It Meng (2015)The influence of nanoclay (NC) and calcined nanoclay (CNC) on the mechanical and thermal properties of cement nano-composites presented. Calcined nanoclay is prepared by heating nanoclay (Cloisite 30B) at 900 C for 2 ...
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