‘High Standard of Efficiency and Steadiness’: Papua New Guinea Native Police Guards and Japanese War Criminals, 1945–53
MetadataShow full item record
Drawing largely on archival records, this paper examines the Australian use of a detachment from the Native police force to guard the Australian war criminals’ compounds for Japanese war criminals established at Rabaul and Manus Island, both in the Territory of New Guinea, from 1945 to 1953. Australia was the only Allied country in the immediate post-war period to utilise civilian police as guards for Japanese war criminals, let alone to draw principally upon Indigenous personnel. While Australian views of the Indigenous population remained paternalistic, if not outright racist, throughout this period, the use of the Native police opened up some small spacefor more complex perceptions of questions of racial difference. Yet, the Native policedetachment to the Australian war criminal compounds has been, until now, generally overlooked in the broader history of the Native police forces of Papua and of New Guinea.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Obscuring the Historical Origins of International Criminal Law in Australia: The Australian War Crimes Investigations and Prosecutions of Japanese, 1942–1951Morris, Narrelle (2014)As the Second World War slowly drew to a close in 1945, the Australian Government faced the difficult task of following through with numerous promises that it had articulated to the Australian public that it would vigorously ...
Towards the establishment of a WACE examination in Japanese as a heritage language: Critical perspectivesHasegawa, Hiroshi (2014)Learning languages Other Than English (LOTE) has been recognised as a vital element of Australia’s current school educational program. The Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE), the highest secondary school ...
Jonescu, Emil (2012)Historically, people have been detained in custodial institutions deemed appropriate no matter how deplorable their conditions. Criminality, considered an illness, was treated by segregated punishment and to varying degrees ...