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dc.contributor.authorGe, Cynthia
dc.contributor.authorDeng, Weiwei
dc.contributor.authorLee, Zheng
dc.contributor.authorLopez-Ruiz, Fran
dc.contributor.authorSchweizer, P.
dc.contributor.authorEllwood, Simon
dc.identifier.citationGe, C. and Deng, W. and Lee, Z. and Lopez-Ruiz, F. and Schweizer, P. and Ellwood, S. 2016. Tempered mlo broad-spectrum resistance to barley powdery mildew in an Ethiopian landrace. Scientific Reports. 6 (Article number 29558).

Recessive mutations in the Mlo gene confer broad spectrum resistance in barley (Hordeum vulgare) to powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei), a widespread and damaging disease. However, all alleles discovered to date also display deleterious pleiotropic effects, including the naturally occurring mlo-11 mutant which is widely deployed in Europe. Recessive resistance was discovered in Eth295, an Ethiopian landrace, which was developmentally controlled and quantitative without spontaneous cell wall appositions or extensive necrosis and loss of photosynthetic tissue. This resistance is determined by two copies of the mlo-11 repeat units, that occur upstream to the wild-type Mlo gene, compared to 11-12 in commonly grown cultivars and was designated mlo-11 (cnv2). mlo-11 repeat unit copy number-dependent DNA methylation corresponded with cytological and macroscopic phenotypic differences between copy number variants. Sequence data indicated mlo-11 (cnv2) formed via recombination between progenitor mlo-11 repeat units and the 3' end of an adjacent stowaway MITE containing region. mlo-11 (cnv2) is the only example of a moderated mlo variant discovered to date and may have arisen by natural selection against the deleterious effects of the progenitor mlo-11 repeat unit configuration.

dc.publisherNature Publishing Group
dc.titleTempered mlo broad-spectrum resistance to barley powdery mildew in an Ethiopian landrace
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleScientific Reports

This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license

curtin.departmentCentre for Crop Disease Management
curtin.accessStatusOpen access

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