Effects of temperature on the scaling of calcium sulphate in pipes
MetadataShow full item record
The link to this article is:
Calcium sulphate scaling is a serious problem encountered in many industrial and domestic applications. Supersaturation has been proven to be the major driving force of scale formation, but the solubility of calcium sulphate changes with temperature. The main purpose of this work is toinvestigate the effects of temperature on the formation of calcium sulphate scales in pipes, using a pipe flow system. Various levels of supersaturation of the calcium sulphate solution have been employed at different temperatures. Results indicated that higher temperature produced a large increase of scale amounts and a significant decrease of induction periods. Many forms of hydrated calcium sulphate were created at high temperature. The relationship between deposited scale mass and temperature was deduced from experimental data. From the relationship between induction period and temperature activation energies of the surface nucleation were estimated to be in the range of 42 to 48 kJ mol-1.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Muryanto, Stefanus (2002)Scale formation is one of the persistent problems in mineral processing and related industries. One of the main components of the scale is frequently gypsum or calcium sulphate dihydrate (= CaS04.2H20). Gypsum is formed ...
Effect of iron corrosion on the fate of dosed copper to inhibit nitrification in chloraminated water distribution systemZhan, Weixi (2011)Nitrification has been acknowledged as one of the major barriers towards efficient chloramination in water supply distribution systems. Many water utilities employing monochloramine as the final disinfectant have been ...
Hoang, Tung; Ang, Ha Ming; Rohl, Andrew (2011)Scaling often leads to a series of technical and economical problems in industrial plants and equipments by blocking water flow in pipes or limiting heat transfer in heat exchangers. While most contemporary studies are ...