Measuring Carbon for Urban Development Planning
MetadataShow full item record
This paper examines a framework for calculating carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e) emissions in urban developments, including emissions inherent in: materials, construction, operation, transport, water, and waste processes over the life cycle of a development. The paper takes a holistic approach to urban design, to include not only the CO2-e emissions inherent in the individual buildings but also in the infrastructure and service provision of the community as a whole metabolic system. A range of carbon assessment tools is examined to assess their capacity for measuring CO2-e emissions in terms of this framework. The tools are reviewed for their applicability to four case studies in Western Australia: Peri-urban development (greenfield), Urban redevelopment (brownfield), Mining camps, and Indigenous communities, which demonstrate the type of settlement patterns that carbon assessment tools must respond to. The case studies are also indicative of the challenges facing other urban developments around the world in cutting CO2-e emissions and enhancing sustainability. The results of the study show that two tools are currently available that can measure and model carbon emissions and carbon consequences of variations of design in urban developments. The tools CCAPPrecint and e-Tool are highlighted in this paper as outstanding examples.
Permission to reproduce this material must be obtained from the publisher.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rauland, Vanessa (2013)There are many outstanding examples of carbon neutral, zero carbon and other forms of low carbon cities, districts and urban development around the world, which have demonstrated the vast potential for carbon abatement ...
Bunning, Jessica; Beattie, Colin; Rauland, Vanessa; Newman, Peter (2013)Australia’s urban built environment contributes significantly to the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions; therefore, encouraging urban development to pursue low-carbon outcomes will aid in reducing carbon in the overall ...
Pettit, C.J.; Glackin, S.; Trubka, Roman; Ngo, T.; Lade, O.; Newton, P.; Newman, Peter (2014)As the world is becoming increasingly urbanized there is a need for more sustainability-oriented planning of our cities. Policy and decision-makers are interested in the use of evidenced based approaches and tools that ...