Trends in PICU Admission and Survival Rates in Children in Australia and New Zealand Following Cardiac Arrest
|dc.identifier.citation||Straney, L. and Schlapbach, L. and Yong, G. and Bray, J. and Millar, J. and Slater, A. and Alexander, J. et al. 2015. Trends in PICU Admission and Survival Rates in Children in Australia and New Zealand Following Cardiac Arrest. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 16 (7): pp. 613-620.|
OBJECTIVES: To describe the temporal trends in rates of PICU admissions and mortality for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and in-hospital cardiac arrests admitted to PICU over the last decade. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective analysis of prospectively collected binational data of the Australian and New Zealand Paediatric Intensive Care Registry. All nine specialist PICUs in Australia and New Zealand were included. PATIENTS: All children admitted between 2003 and 2012 to PICU who were less than 16 years old at the time of admission. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: There were a total of 71,425 PICU admissions between 2003 and 2012. Overall, cardiac arrest accounted for 1.86% of all admissions (1,329 cases), including 677 cases of in-hospital cardiac arrest (51.0%) and 652 cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (49.0%). Over the last decade, there has been a 29.6% increase in the odds of PICU survival for all pediatric admissions (odds ratio, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.09-1.54). By contrast, there was no significant improvement in the risk-adjusted odds of survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest admissions (odds ratio, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.50-2.10; p = 0.94) or in-hospital cardiac arrest admissions (odds ratio, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.54-1.98; p = 0.92). CONCLUSIONS: Despite improvements in overall outcomes in children admitted to Australian and New Zealand PICUs, survival of children admitted with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or in-hospital cardiac arrest did not change significantly over the past decade.
|dc.title||Trends in PICU Admission and Survival Rates in Children in Australia and New Zealand Following Cardiac Arrest|
|dcterms.source.title||Pediatr Crit Care Med|
|curtin.department||School of Nursing and Midwifery|
|curtin.accessStatus||Fulltext not available|
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