Proteinaceous necrotrophic effectors in fungal virulence
MetadataShow full item record
The host–pathogen interface can be considered as a biological battlefront. Molecules produced by both the pathogen and the host are critical factors determining the outcome of the interaction. Recent studies have revealed that an increasing number of necrotrophic fungal pathogens produce small proteinaceous effectors that are able to function as virulence factors. These molecules can cause tissue death in host plants that possess dominant sensitivity genes, leading to subsequent pathogen colonisation. Such effectors are only found in necrotrophic fungi, yet their roles in virulence are poorly understood. However, several recent key studies of necrotrophic effectors from two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) pathogens, Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Died.) Drechs. and Stagonospora nodorum (Berk.) Castell. & Germano, have shed light upon how these effector proteins serve to disable the host from the inside out.
© Copyright 2010 CSIRO
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A comparative hidden Markov model analysis pipeline identifies proteins characteristic of cereal-infecting fungiSperscneider, J.; Gardiner, D.; Taylor, J.; Hane, James; Singh, K.; Manners, J. (2013)Background: Fungal pathogens cause devastating losses in economically important cereal crops by utilisingpathogen proteins to infect host plants. Secreted pathogen proteins are referred to as effectors and have thus farbeen ...
Tan, Kar-Chun; Oliver, Richard; Solomon, P.; Moffat, Caroline (2010)The host–pathogen interface can be considered as a biological battlefront. Molecules produced by both the pathogen and the host are critical factors determining the outcome of the interaction. Recent studies have revealed ...
The cysteine rich necrotrophic effector SnTox1 produced by Stagonospora nodorum triggers susceptibility of wheat lines harboring Snn1Liu, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Faris, J.; Oliver, Richard; Syme, Robert; McDonald, M.; McDonald, B.; Solomon, P.; Lu, S.; Shelver, W.; Xu, S.; Friesen, T. (2012)The wheat pathogen Stagonospora nodorum produces multiple necrotrophic effectors (also called host-selective toxins) that promote disease by interacting with corresponding host sensitivity gene products. SnTox1 was the ...