Day occupation is associated with psychopathology for adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome
MetadataShow full item record
Background: Young adults with Down syndrome experience increased rates of emotional and behavioural problems compared with the general population. Most adolescents with Down syndrome living in Western Australia participate in sheltered employment as their main day occupation. Relationship between day occupation and changes in behaviour has not been examined. Therefore, the aim of this research was to explore any relationship between post school day occupations and changes in the young person’s behaviour. Methods: The Down syndrome Needs Opinion Wishes database was used for case ascertainment of young adults aged 15 to 32 years with Down syndrome. Families of 118 young people in this population-based database completed questionnaires in 2004, 2009 and 2011. The questionnaires addressed both young person characteristics such as age, gender, presence of impairments, behaviour, functioning in activities of daily living, and family characteristics such as income and family functioning. Post-school day occupations in which the young people were participating included open and sheltered employment, training and day recreation programs. Change in behaviour of young adults who remained in the same post-school day occupation from 2009 to 2011 (n = 103) were examined in a linear regression model adjusting for confounding variables including age, gender, prior functioning and behaviour in 2004 and family income.Results: In comparison to those young adults attending open employment from 2009 to 2011, those attending day recreation programs were reported to experience worsening in behaviour both in the unadjusted (effect size -0.14, 95% CI -0.24, -0.05) and adjusted models (effect size -0.15, 95% CI -0.29, -0.01). Conclusions: We found that the behaviour of those participating in open employment improved compared to those attending other day occupations. Further examination of the direction of this association is required.
This article is published under the Open Access publishing model and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Please refer to the licence to obtain terms for any further reuse or distribution of this work.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Foley, K.; Jacoby, P.; Girdler, Sonya; Bourke, J.; Pikora, T.; Lennox, N.; Einfeld, S.; Llewellyn, G.; Parmenter, T.; Leonard, H. (2013)Aim: To investigate the relationship between functioning and post-school day occupation for young adults with Down syndrome. Methods: Families of young people with Down syndrome (n = 269) aged 15–30 years in 2009 were ...
Foley, K.-R.; Girdler, Sonya; Downs, Jennepher; Jacoby, P.; Bourke, J.; Lennox, N.; Einfeld, S.; Llewellyn, G.; Parmenter, T.; Leonard, H. (2014)Purpose: To explore relationships between family quality of life, day occupations and activities of daily living (ADL) of young persons with Down syndrome.Method: Data were collected from 150 families with a young person ...
"I have a good life": the meaning of well-being from the perspective of young adults with Down syndromeScott, Melissa; Foley, K.; Bourke, J.; Leonard, H.; Girdler, Sonya (2014)Purpose: The purposes of this study were to explore what makes for a “good life” from the perspective of young adults with Down syndrome and to identify the barriers and facilitators to participation.Methods: Twelve young ...