Salmonella associated with captive and wild lizards in Malaysia
MetadataShow full item record
Reptiles are well known reservoirs of Salmonella and are capable of carrying the pathogen without showing any clinical signs. Previous studies have found a high prevalence of Salmonella and predominantly Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica (I) in lizards. This subspecies is also commonly associated with mammals and is responsible for most cases of human salmonellosis. Our study investigated the prevalence of Salmonella species and subspecies in captive and wild reptiles in and around Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A total of 60 lizard (12 captive and 48 wild) faecal samples were tested for the presence Salmonella. Approximately 36% of the lizards sampled carried Salmonella in their faeces with a significantly (p<0.05) higher prevalence in captive (83.3%) as compared to wild lizards (25%). Four Salmonella enterica subspecies were isolated, namely enterica (I), arizonae (IIIa), diarizonae (IIIb) and indica (VI). The higher prevalence of Salmonella in captive lizards highlights a risk of acquiring reptile-associated salmonellosis from handling lizards while the level of Salmonella in wild lizards suggests some risk associated with their presence in and around dwellings.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sze-Fan Tan, M.; Rahman, S.; Dykes, Gary (2016)© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Cut surfaces of fresh produce, which directly expose plant cell walls to the environment, are particularly susceptible to contamination by pathogens, including Salmonella enterica. The effect of ...
A review of the ecology, colonization and genetic characterization of Salmonella enterica serovar Sofia, a prolific but avirulent poultry serovar in AustraliaDuffy, L.; Dykes, Gary; Fegan, N. (2012)The distribution of Salmonella serovars on Australian poultry is dominated by the presence of Salmonella enterica subspecies II 1,4,12,27:b:[e,n,x](S. Sofia). The predominance on poultry (40–60%) and a very low level of ...
A Multicountry Molecular Analysis of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi with Reduced Susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin in Sub-Saharan AfricaAl-Emran, H.; Eibach, D.; Krumkamp, R.; Ali, Mohammed; Baker, S.; Biggs, H.; Bjerregaard-Andersen, M.; Breiman, R.; Clemens, J.; Crump, J.; Cruz Espinoza, L.; Deerin, J.; Dekker, D.; Gassama Sow, A.; Hertz, J.; Im, J.; Ibrango, S.; Von Kalckreuth, V.; Kabore, L.; Konings, F.; Løfberg, S.; Meyer, C.; Mintz, E.; Montgomery, J.; Olack, B.; Pak, G.; Panzner, U.; Park, S.; Razafindrabe, J.; Rabezanahary, H.; Rakotondrainiarivelo, J.; Rakotozandrindrainy, R.; Raminosoa, T.; Schütt-Gerowitt, H.; Sampo, E.; Soura, A.; Tall, A.; Warren, M.; Wierzba, T.; May, J.; Marks, F. (2016)© 2016 The Author. Background. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi is a predominant cause of bloodstream infections in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Increasing numbers of S. Typhi with resistance to ciprofloxacin have been ...