A Neuromotor Device for Reducing Phantom Limb Pain in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury
MetadataShow full item record
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016. Phantom Limb Pain is a disorder that can be experienced by individuals after amputation or spinal cord injury. In spinal cord injury the paralysis or paresis is often bilateral, thus limiting the application of apparent movement as a therapeutic model for phantom limb pain. This project aimed to develop a robotic rehabilitation device that replicated apparent movement to apply the same therapeutic principles with individuals with lower limb phantom pain that have bilateral paralysis of paresis. The proposed device achieved lower limb planar motion of the knee by a six-bar linkage of a single degree of freedom (DOF). It is driven by a linear actuator while the ankle motion is achieved by a gear motor, reaching an effective 70° range of motion for both joints. The system features closed loop control using feedback from surface electromyography sensors, limit switches and position sensors with an Arduino microcontroller as the control unit. This device will be used to further our understanding of the disorder and create opportunities for robot aided treatment for individuals with phantom limb pain as a result of spinal cord injury.
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pentland, Wendy E. (1992)The intent of this study was to describe the effects of long term paraplegia and wheelchair use on upper limb function. Bilateral upper extremity isokinetic and grip strength, pain, and active range of motion were compared ...
Patient-focused goal planning process and outcome after spinal cord injury rehabilitation: Quantitative and qualitative audit.Byrnes, M.; Beilby, Janet; McLennan, R.; Ker, J.; Schug, S.; Ray, P. (2012)Objective: To evaluate the process and outcome of a multidisciplinary inpatient goal planning rehabilitation programme on physical, social and psychological functioning for patients with spinal cord injury. Design: Clinical ...
The organization of spinal motor neurons in a monotreme is consistent with a six-region schema of the mammalian spinal cordMitchelle, A.; Watson, Charles (2016)The motor neurons in the spinal cord of an echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) have been mapped in Nissl-stained sections from spinal cord segments defined by spinal nerve anatomy. A medial motor column of motor neurons is ...