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dc.contributor.authorSmedley, J.
dc.contributor.authorJancey, Jonine
dc.contributor.authorDhaliwal, Satvinder
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Yun
dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, Sarojini MDR
dc.contributor.authorHowat, Peter
dc.identifier.citationSmedley, Jenna and Jancey, Jonine M. and Dhaliwal, Satvinder and Zhao, Yun and Monteiro, Sarojini MDR and Howat, Peter. 2014. Women’s reported health behaviours before and during pregnancy: A retrospective study. Health Education Journal. 73 (1): pp. 28-40.

Objective: This study aimed to determine women’s reported health behaviours (physical activity, diet, weight management) before and during pregnancy, and to identify sources of health information. Design: Retrospective study incorporating quantitative (a self-completed survey) and qualitative (one-on-one interviews) methods. Methodology: Participants were women aged 18 or over; had no pre-existing medical condition that might be exacerbated during pregnancy (e.g. diabetes, heart condition); and had given birth in the last 12 months. Nineteen women agreed to one-on-one interviews and 100 women agreed to complete a mailed questionnaire. Qualitative data and quantitative data were analysed using a descriptive qualitative methodology and by using McNemar’s test for correlated proportions, respectively. Results: Participants reported a significant reduction in their level of physical activity during pregnancy; a significant increase in consumption of fruit, vegetables and fibre, and a decrease in fast food consumption (all p < 0.05). Medical practitioners are the preferred source of health information but seem to provide insufficient information about health behaviours during pregnancy in relation to physical activity, diet and weight management. Conclusion: Women reported eating a healthier diet and reducing their level of physical activity during the antenatal period, compared to pre-pregnancy. There is a need to improve the provision of health information on physical activity, diet and weight management in the antenatal period.

dc.publisherSage Publications
dc.subjecthealthy eating
dc.subjectweight gain
dc.subjectphysical activity
dc.titleWomen’s reported health behaviours before and during pregnancy: A retrospective study
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleHealth Education Journal
curtin.accessStatusOpen access

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