Investigation into the effect of phosphonate inhibitors on barium sulfate precipitation
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The effect of a series of phosphonate molecules on barium sulfate precipitation was tested. While an increase in the number of phosphonate groups generally resulted in increased inhibition of barium sulfate precipitation, two notable exceptions showed that a relatively high number of phosphonate groups does not guarantee inhibition while a relatively low number of phosphonate groups does not imply no inhibition. Increasing the pH showed an increased effect of additives on barium sulfate precipitation up to pH 8. However, on increasing from pH 8 to 12, a loss of inhibition in the additives was observed which appears to be due to the barium sulfate surface changing with pH.
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Jones, Franca; Stanley, A.; Oliveira, Allan; Rohl, Andrew; Reyhani, Manijeh; Parkinson, Gordon; Ogden, Mark (2003)The inhibition of barium sulfate precipitation in the presence of phosphonate containing molecules was investigated experimentally and speciation curves were used to elucidate the interactions involved. Inhibition of ...
Baynton, A.; Chandler, B.; Jones, Franca; Nealon, Gareth; Ogden, Mark; Radomirovic, Tomoko; Shimizu, G.; Taylor, J. (2010)This paper investigates crystal growth modifiers based on 1,3,5-substituted benzene derivatives. The results show that as expected, the phosphonated derivative inhibits calcite precipitation to a much greater degree than ...
Jones, Franca; Richmond, William; Rohl, Andrew (2006)The adsorption of phosphonate molecules onto mineral surfaces is of interest due to their use as scale inhibitors. Molecular modeling is an important tool that can aid the fundamental understanding of how these inhibitors ...