An irrigation experiment to compare soil, water and speleothem tetraether membrane lipid distributions
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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Measurement of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) preserved in speleothems offers a potential proxy for past temperature but, in general, their origin is unknown. To understand the source of speleothem GDGTs, we undertook an irrigation experiment to activate drip sites within a hydrogeochemically well characterised cave. The cave drip water was analysed for GDGTs, inorganic elements (major ions and trace elements), stable isotopes and dissolved organic matter concentration and character. Published speleothem GDGT records from the site have been observed to be dominated by isoprenoid GDGTs and interpreted as deriving from in situ microbial communities within the cave or vadose zone. The drip water in our irrigation experiment had a GDGT distribution distinct from that of soil and speleothem samples, providing direct evidence that the distinctive GDGT signature in speleothems is derived from a subsurface source. Analysis of GDGTs in this context allowed further elucidation of their source and transport in cave systems, enhancing our understanding of how they might be used as a temperature proxy.
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Contrasting distributions of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) in speleothems and associated soilsBlyth, Alison; Jex, Catherine; Baker, Andy; Khan, Stuart; Schouten, Stefan (2014)Glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) preserved in speleothems can form useful records of terrestrial palaeotemperature. However, understanding of the sources of these compounds in caves is limited, particularly ...
Blyth, Alison; Schouten, S. (2013)Palaeotemperature proxies based on glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) lipids have been established for marine and lacustrine environments, but there has been relatively little study of their application in ...
Sources of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) in catchment soils, water column and sediments of Lake Rotsee (Switzerland) – Implications for the application of GDGT-based proxies for lakesNaeher, Sebastian; Peterse, F.; Smittenberg, R.; Niemann, H.; Zigah, P.; Schubert, C. (2014)We analysed glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) distributions in the water column, sediment and catchment soils of the Swiss Lake Rotsee to determine the sources of GDGTs in the lake sediment and to determine the ...