Energy Consumption and Growth in South America: Evidence From a Panel Error Correction Model
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This study examines the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth for a panel of nine South American countries over the period 1980–2005 within a multivariate framework. Given the relatively short span of the time series data, a panel cointegration and error correction model is employed to infer the causal relationship. Pedroni's heterogeneous panel cointegration test reveals a long-run equilibrium relationship between real GDP, energy consumption, the labor force, and real gross fixed capital formation with the respective coefficients positive and statistically significant. The Granger-causality results indicate both short-run and long-run causality from energy consumption to economic growth which supports the growth hypothesis.
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