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dc.contributor.authorAusten, Siobhan
dc.contributor.authorMavisakalyan, Astghik
dc.identifier.citationAusten, S. and Mavisakalyan, A. 2016. Constitutions and the Political Agency of Women: A Cross-Country Study. Feminist Economics. 22 (1): pp. 183-210.

The underrepresentation of women in parliaments worldwide warrants attention to discern underlying sources. This study examines one potential source: the countries’ constitutions. Based on a large cross-country dataset from 2011, the study demonstrates that women's representation in parliament is larger in countries with constitutional protection from gender-based discrimination. Baseline estimates suggest that the presence of such protection results in over a 3.5 percentage point increase in women's share of parliamentary seats. The study probes some underlying mechanisms and shows that places with constitutional protection from gender-based discrimination are likely to have legislation directly targeting women's underrepresentation. The results underscore the role of constitutional design in promoting women's political agency.

dc.publisherTaylor & Francis
dc.subjectpolitical agency
dc.subjectparliamentary representation
dc.subjectgender equality
dc.titleConstitutions and the Political Agency of Women: A Cross-Country Study
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleFeminist Economics

This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Feminist Economics on 17/09/2015 available online at

curtin.departmentSchool of Economics and Finance
curtin.accessStatusOpen access

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