Assessing reef fish assemblage structure: how do different stereo-video techniques compare?
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Quantitative sampling of benthic communities is central to a wide range of ecological research, from understanding spatial distribution and ecology to impact studies. With the need to sample deep as well as shallow regions, limited sampling capabilities of diver-based methods and the expanding footprint of human activity, there is a need for an effective system capable of classifying benthic assemblages and able to monitor potential anthropogenic impacts. Here we describe a remote system capable of collecting benthic photo-quadratsto depths of 100 m. A procedure for the classification of these images into 64 abiotic and biotic categories is also described. During a64-daysamplingprogramthatincludedsamplingatseven locations along 1,200 km of coastline that resulted in the collection of over 9,000 images, only one day of sampling was lost due to equipment malfunction, with 99.5% of points able to be classified to the taxonomic resolution required, demonstrating the reliability and accuracy of this system. Furthermore, the incorporation of differential GPS and ultra-short baseline positioning system allowed collected images to be geo-referenced to within 0.5 m. Such precision allows the system to be used in conjunction with hydroacoustic habitat mapping techniques and potentially for repeated monitoring of areas with a small spatial extent. Development of this system provides a cost-effective means of quantifying benthic assemblages over broad scales.
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Ogburn, D; Meeuwig, Jessica; McCafferty, P; Grice, Kliti; Waddington, K (2011)Benthic habitats are those areas of seabed below the highest astronomical tide that support living organisms and influence the distribution and abundance of benthic primary producers and associated fauna. These habitats ...
Waddington, K.; Piek, B.; Payne, A.; Grove, S.; Harvey, Euan; Kendrick, G.; Taylor, H.; Meeuwig, J. (2010)Quantitative sampling of benthic communities is central to a wide range of ecological research, from understanding spatial distribution and ecology to impact studies. With the need to sample deep as well as shallow regions, ...
Smale, D.; Kendrick, G.; Waddington, K.; Van Niel, K.; Meeuwig, J.; Harvey, Euan (2010)At regional scales, the distribution of species and the structure of assemblages vary with latitude within many marine and terrestrial systems. The oligotrophic coastal waters of Western Australia (WA) support highly ...