Design of broadband beamformers with low complexity
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In this article, we consider the design of broadband beamformers with low complexity. In fact, the design problem is multi-objective in nature, trading off between speech distortion and noise suppression. Finding a balance between these two objectives is important in order to achieve a desired sound quality. These measures are introduced as the objectives here. The design can then be obtained via a bi-objective integer programming problem, where the coefficients of the filters are expressed as sums of signed powers-of-two terms. We study two different integer spaces and penalty functions for solving the problem. Then, an algorithm based on a discrete filled function is developed for finding the optimal design. In order to illustrate the effectiveness of the algorithm, real data is used and two broadband beamformers are demonstrated.
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