The oxysterol-binding protein superfamily: New concepts and old proteins
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The Kes1 OSBP (oxysterol-binding protein) is a key regulator of membrane trafficking through the TGN (trans-Golgi network) and endosomal membranes. We demonstrated recently that Kes1 acts as a sterolregulated rheostat for TGN/endosomal phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate signalling. Kes1 utilizes its dual lipid-binding activities to integrate endosomal lipid metabolism with TORC1 (target of rapamycin complex 1)-dependent proliferative pathways and transcriptional control of nutrient signalling. ©The Authors Journal compilation ©2012 Biochemical Society.