Hydrazine as efficient fuel for low-temperature SOFC through ex-situ catalytic decomposition with high selectivity toward hydrogen
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Hydrazine is a promising fuel for portable fuel cells because it is a liquid, it is carbon free and it has a high energy density. In this work, hydrazine was investigated as an efficient fuel for low temperature solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with a traditional nickel anode. A catalytic system with high selectivity toward hydrogen was developed using Ba0.5Sr 0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-d (BSCF) as the main catalyst and potassium hydroxide as the promoter. The result of compositional analysis of the products showed that the hydrazine can be decomposed into hydrogen and nitrogen with 100% selectivity when an appropriate amount of KOH promoter is used. Acceptable power densities were achieved for a thin-film samaria-doped ceria (SDC) electrolyte cell operating on hydrazine decomposition products and hydrogen over a complete operation temperature range of 650-450 °C. In addition, a similar cell with ammonia as the fuel displayed a much lower performance. © 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Catalytic decomposition of hydrous hydrazine to hydrogen over oxide catalysts at ambient conditions for PEMFCsZhao, B.; Song, J.; Ran, R.; Shao, Zongping (2012)Hydrous hydrazine is a hydrogen carrier in liquid state at room temperature, having high hydrogen content, and free of CO and other carbon-containing gases. In this study, the effects of oxides properties on the initial ...
Gu, H.; Ran, R.; Zhou, W.; Shao, Zongping; Jin, W.; Xu, N.; Ahn, J. (2008)Hydrazine was examined as a fuel for a solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) that employed a typical nickel-based anode. An in situ catalytic decomposition of hydrazine at liquid state under room temperature and ambient pressure ...
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