Chemistry of Print Residue
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The impressions left by friction ridge skin on the grasping surfaces of the hands not only demonstrate contact, but are also sufficiently discriminating to allow personal identification. They are thus extremely important in criminal investigations to establish links between the objects, victims, and suspects. The most common forms of these impressions are latent (hidden) fingerprints, and successful recovery from a scene or object relies on their detection. A range of physical and chemical methods have been developed over the years for the visualization of latent fingerprints. These methods target differences between the latent fingerprint and the substrate on which it is laid and are based either on physical attraction or a chemical reaction. Knowledge of the chemistry of latent fingerprints is critically important to understanding detection methods. This article provides an overview of the chemical composition of latent fingerprints and a discussion of recent approaches to investigate the factors affecting fingerprint composition.
This article is a revision of the previous edition article by S.K. Bramble and J.S. Brennan, volume 2, pp. 862–869, © 2000, Elsevier Ltd
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Investigation into the performance of physical developer formulations for visualizing latent fingerprints on paperSauzier, Georgina; Frick, Amanda; Lewis, Simon (2013)Latent fingerprints deposited on commercial photocopy paper were treated using various preparations of silver-based physical developer and the results from each were compared to those obtained with the standard formulation ...
Errington, B.; Lawson, Glen; Lewis, Simon; Smith, G. (2016)In this paper we demonstrate that micronised Egyptian blue pigment can be used as a safe and simple material to visualise latent fingerprints on non-porous surfaces as near-infrared luminescent impressions. This allows ...
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