Microalgal hydrogen production research
MetadataShow full item record
Microorganisms can produce hydrogen biologically, with species ranging from photosynthetic and fermentative bacteria to green microalgae and cyanobacteria. In comparison with the conventional chemical or physical hydrogen production methods, biological processes demonstrate several advantages by operating at ambient pressure and temperature conditions, without a requirement for the use of precious metals to catalyze the reactions. In addition to using cellular endogenous substrate from which to extract electrons for H2-production, a number of green microalgae are also endowed with the photosynthetic machinery needed to extract electrons from water, the potential energy of which is elevated by two photochemical reactions prior to reducing protons (H+) for the generation of molecular hydrogen (H2). Sunlight provides the energy for the microalgal overall strongly endergonic reaction of H2O-oxidation, electron-transport, and H2-production. Thanks to a substantial amount of research, a number of diverse experimental approaches have been developed and applied to establish and improve sustainable production of hydrogen. This review summarizes and updates recent developments in microalgal hydrogen production research with emphasis on new trends and novel ideas practiced in this field.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sheppard, Drew A (2008)Concerns over green house gas emissions and their climate change effects have lead to a concerted effort into environmental friendly technologies. One such emphasis has been on the implementation of the hydrogen economy. ...
Formation and characteristics of glucose oligomers during the hydrolysis of cellulose in hot-compressed waterYu, Yun (2009)Energy production from fossil fuels results in significant carbon dioxide emission, which is a key contributor to global warming and the problems related to climate change. Biomass is recognized as an important part of ...
Paskevicius, Mark (2009)Aluminium, aluminium hydride (alane), and magnesium hydride nanoparticles have been mechanochemically synthesised in order to study their hydrogen sorption properties in contrast to the bulk. Nanoparticle formation was ...