Multitarget passive coherent location with transmitter-origin and target-altitude uncertainties
MetadataShow full item record
Passive coherent location (PCL) systems, which use existing commercial signals (e.g., FM broadcast, digital TV) as the illuminators of opportunity, is an emerging technology in air defence systems. PCL systems have many advantages such as low cost, covert operation, and low vulnerability to electronic countermeasures, over conventional radar systems. However, the limitations of PCL include lack of control over illuminators, limited observability, and poor detection due to low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). This leads to high clutter with low probability of detection of target. Also, it is possible to transmit through multiple transmitters the same signal/frequency inside the coverage region of the receiver. Even though using multiple transmitters will facilitate better estimates of the target states due to spatial diversity, one cannot use these measurements without resolving transmitter- and measurement-origin uncertainties. Another limitation is that the elevation measurement, which is required to estimate the target altitude, is not available in most currently available PCL system receivers. In this paper, multiple target tracking algorithms for PCL systems are derived to handle low probability of detection and high nonlinearity in the measurement model due to high measurement error. Also, tracking algorithms are proposed to track multiple targets by resolving transmitter-origin uncertainty. Finally, algorithms are proposed for fusing multiple PCL system estimates by incorporating the altitude estimate uncertainty in order to improve the tracking accuracy and to increase the area coverage. The major contributions of this paper are the new algorithms for tracking using PCL systems with transmitter-origin and target-altitude uncertainties. The feasibility of using transmitters of opportunity for tracking airborne targets is shown on simulated and real data sets.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Mallick, M.; Vo, Ba-Ngu; Kirubarajan, T.; Arulampalam, S. (2013)Multitarget tracking has a long history spanning over 50 years and it refers to the problem of jointly estimating the number of targets and their states from sensor data. Today, multitarget tracking has found applications ...
Mallick, M.; Rubin, S.; Vo, Ba-Ngu (2013)Space object (satellite or space-debris) tracking (SOT) has not received much attention in the Information Fusion community, although the first Fusion conference was held in 1998. A special session on SOT was organized ...
Khandaker, Muhammad Ruhul Amin (2012)The increasing demand for mobile applications such as streaming media, software updates, and location-based services involving group communications has prompted the need for wireless communication technologies that can ...