Constraints on high-energy neutrino emission from SN 2008D
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SN 2008D, a core collapse supernova at a distance of 27 Mpc, was serendipitously discovered by the Swift satellite through an associated X-ray flash. Core collapse supernovae have been observed in association with long gamma-ray bursts and X-ray flashes and a physical connection is widely assumed. This connection could imply that some core collapse supernovae possess mildly relativistic jets in which high-energy neutrinos are produced through proton-proton collisions. The predicted neutrino spectra would be detectable by Cherenkov neutrino detectors like IceCube. A search for a neutrino signal in temporal and spatial correlation with the observed X-ray flash of SN 2008D was conducted using data taken in 2007–2008 with 22 strings of the IceCube detector. Events were selected based on a boosted decision tree classifier trained with simulated signal and experimental background data. The classifier was optimized to the position and a “soft jet” neutrino spectrum assumed for SN 2008D. Using three search windows placed around the X-ray peak, emission time scales from 100–10 000 s were probed. No events passing the cuts were observed in agreement with the signal expectation of 0.13 events. Upper limits on the muon neutrino flux from core collapse supernovae were derived for different emission time scales and the principal model parameters were constrained. While no meaningful limits can be given in the case of an isotropic neutrino emission, the parameter space for a jetted emission can be constrained. Future analyses with the full 86 string IceCube detector could detect up to ~100 events for a core-collapse supernova at 10 Mpc according to the soft jet model.
Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO
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Aartsen, M.; Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, K.; Tjus, J.; Bell, M.; Benabderrahmane, M.; BenZvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D.; Bohaichuk, S.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H.; Brown, A.; Bruijn, R.; Brunner, J.; Carson, Michael; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Cherwinka, J.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Christy, B.; Clark, K.; Clevermann, F.; Coenders, S.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, D.; Silva, A.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J.; De Clercq, C.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De With, M.; De Young, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eberhardt, B.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Golup, G.; Gonzalez, J.; Goodman, J. (2013)SN 2008D, a core collapse supernova at a distance of 27 Mpc, was serendipitously discovered by the Swift satellite through an associated X-ray flash. Core collapse supernovae have been observed in association with long ...
Detailed Radio View on Two Stellar Explosions and Their Host Galaxy: XRF 080109/SN 2008D and SN 2007uy in NGC 2770van der Horst, A.; Kamble, A.; Paragi, Z.; Sage, L.; Pal, S.; Taylor, G.; Kouveliotou, C.; Granot, J.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Ishwara-Chandra, C.; Oosterloo, T.; Wijers, R.; Wiersema, K.; Strom, R.; Bhattacharya, D.; Rol, E.; Starling, R.; Curran, Peter; Garrett, M. (2011)The galaxy NGC 2770 hosted two core-collapse supernova (SN) explosions, SN 2008D and SN 2007uy, within10 days of each other and 9 years after the first SN of the same type, SN 1999eh, was found in that galaxy.In particular, ...
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