An extension to artifact-free projection overlaps
|dc.identifier.citation||Lin, J. 2015. An extension to artifact-free projection overlaps. Medical Physics. 42 (5): pp. 2179-2193.|
Purpose: In multipinhole single photon emission computed tomography, the overlapping of projections has been used to increase sensitivity. Avoiding artifacts in the reconstructed image associated with projection overlaps (multiplexing) is a critical issue. In our previous report, two types of artifactfree projection overlaps, i.e., projection overlaps that do not lead to artifacts in the reconstructed image, were formally defined and proved, and were validated via simulations. In this work, a new proposition is introduced to extend the previously defined type-II artifact-free projection overlaps so that a broader range of artifact-free overlaps is accommodated. One practical purpose of the new extension is to design a baffle window multipinhole system with artifact-free projection overlaps. Methods: First, the extended type-II artifact-free overlap was theoretically defined and proved. The new proposition accommodates the situation where the extended type-II artifact-free projection overlaps can be produced with incorrectly reconstructed portions in the reconstructed image. Next, to validate the theory, the extended-type-II artifact-free overlaps were employed in designing the multiplexing multipinhole spiral orbit imaging systems with a baffle window. Numerical validations were performed via simulations, where the corresponding 1-pinhole nonmultiplexing reconstruction results were used as the benchmark for artifact-free reconstructions. The mean square error (MSE) was the metric used for comparisons of noise-free reconstructed images. Noisy reconstructions were also performed as part of the validations.Results: Simulation results show that for noise-free reconstructions, the MSEs of the reconstructed images of the artifact-free multiplexing systems are very similar to those of the corresponding 1-pinhole systems. No artifacts were observed in the reconstructed images. Therefore, the testing results for artifact-free multiplexing systems designed using the extended type-II artifact-free overlaps numerically validated the developed theory. Conclusions: First, the extension itself is of theoretical importance because it broadens the selection range for optimizing multiplexing multipinhole designs. Second, the extension has an immediate application: using a baffle window to design a special spiral orbit multipinhole imaging system with projection overlaps in the orbit axial direction. Such an artifact-free baffle window design makes it possible for us to image any axial portion of interest of a long object with projection overlaps to increase sensitivity.
|dc.publisher||AAPM - American Association of Physicists in Medicine|
|dc.title||An extension to artifact-free projection overlaps|
|curtin.department||Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering|