Infrastructure characteristics of global innovation cities
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Purpose - This purpose of this paper is to understand the localised spatial characteristics of infrastructure conducive to innovation. Design/methodology/approach - This paper briefly reviews urban networking and community-based urban planning models, particularly their capacity for global knowledge flows and to create human-scale environments. lt then maps the presence, relative density and distribution of infrastructure for innovation. This is done around major train stations in the highly innovative mid-size cities of Boston, Portland, Stuttgart and Dusseldorf. Originality/value - This paper contributes to discussions of how local-global linkages and social capital building capacity of local urban planning can support innovation and knowledge development. It proposes that an analysis of localised spatial infrastructure and amenities can give an indication of a region's propensity to fulfil knowledge economy priorities. Practical implications - This paper concludes that a better understanding of how to incorporate infrastructure for innovation into planning strategies can assist regional and national priorities of innovation and knowledge development.
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