Lightweight Masonry Block from Oil Palm Kernel Shell
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A large amount of waste produced in the processing of palm oil is one of the main contributors to the environmental problem. This paper presents an experimental study on the development of the shellcrete masonry block that made of oil palm kernel. The study was focused on the physical, compressive strength and flexural strength of shellcrete. The eco-efficiency of the shellcrete was also evaluated by measuring the carbon footprint. The shellcrete was made by mixing the Portland cement (PC), sand, and oil palm kernel shell (PKS). A control specimen made of PC and sand mixture (sandcrete) was also prepared. The specimen size was 220 mm length, 110 mm width and 80 mm in thickness. The maximum strength obtained was 22 MPa by mixing proportion of 1 PC:1 Sand:1 PKS, but the recommended mix proportion of the shellcrete for building materials was 1 PC:1 Sand:2 PKS as an optimum mix design for eco-friendly shellcrete.
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Abdul Shukor Lim, N.; Hussin, M.; Mohd Sam, A.; Samadi, M.; Ismail, Mohamed; Ariffin, N.; Nur, N. (2015)© 2015 Penerbit UTM Press. All rights reserved.This paper presents the utilization of palm oil fuel ash and oil palm kernel shell as cement and sand replacement, respectively in the production of palm oil fuel ash based ...
Abdul Shukor Lim, N.; Samadi, M.; Mohd Sam, A.; Abd Khalid, N.; Sarbini, N.; Ariffin, N.; Hussin, M.; Ismail, Mohamed (2018)© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018. This paper studies the drying shrinkage of mortar incorporating oil palm biomass waste including Palm Oil Fuel Ash, Oil Palm Kernel Shell and Oil Palm Fibre. Nano size of ...
Zhenyue, Lai (2012)Palm kernel shells are one of the waste products in the palm oil industry. This work was focused on investigating the properties of pellets made from the palm kernel shells for use in syngas generation through gasification. ...