Factors associated with early cessation of breastfeeding in women with gestational diabetes mellitus
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Aim: To determine factors associated with early cessation of breastfeeding (=3 months) in women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of women aged =18 years, diagnosed with GDM in 2010 and registered with the National Diabetes Services Scheme in Australia. The 59 questions examined breastfeeding duration, intention, attitudes, exclusivity and support. Results: 738 women completed the survey (15% response rate). Data was analysed for 729 eligible respondents. Of these 97% reported 'ever' breastfeeding and 19% had breastfed for =3 months. Cessation of breastfeeding at or before 3 months was associated with breastfeeding problems at home [adjusted odds ratio 8.01, 95% confidence interval (4.57, 14.05)], return to work prior to three months [OR 3.39 (95% CI 1.53, 7.55)], inadequate breastfeeding support [OR 1.88 (95% CI 1.10, 3.22)], caesarean delivery [OR 1.70 (95% CI 1.04, 2.76)], low socioeconomic status (SEIFA 1 unit increase) [OR 0.89 (95% CI 0.81, 0.97)] and BMI (2 unit increase) [OR 1.08 (95% CI 1.01, 1.57)]. Being married or de facto [OR 0.14 (95% CI 0.03, 0.62)] was a protective against early cessation of breastfeeding. Conclusion: Strategies to improve breastfeeding duration in women with GDM need to address those most at risk of early cessation and provide appropriate postpartum breastfeeding support in this group.
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