A Combined High-Efficiency Region Controller to Improve Fuel Consumption of Power-Split HEVs
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An improved controller for the energy management system of a power-split hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is developed with the objectives of minimizing fuel consumption and improving drivability. Considering the specific application of vehicles plying on scheduled trips such as public transport, this paper assumes that the controller is privileged with a priori knowledge of the estimated total tractive energy requirement and the duration of the journey. In comparison to a recently introduced constant high-efficiency region (CHER)-based controller, this paper demonstrates that further reductions in fuel consumption can be achieved under certain driving cycles by limiting the internal-combustion-engine (ICE) operation to a dynamically varying high-efficiency region and adopting state-of-charge (SOC) swing control for battery energy storage. The frequency of engine on/off is therefore directly decided by the size of the energy storage, allowable swing of the SOC, and the tractive energy required. Performances of the CHER and dynamic high-efficiency region (DHER) controllers are compared through simulations against the existing controller of a commercial vehicle. The results reveal that the DHER controller outperforms the other two controllers in terms of fuel consumption in highway-style-driving scenarios. Therefore, to minimize fuel consumption while improving drivability under all driving scenarios, this paper proposes to combine the CHER controller with the DHER controller such that the best features of both controllers can be utilized.
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