Surface roughness of stainless steel influences attachment and detachment of Escherichia coli O157
MetadataShow full item record
Determining the influence of surface roughness on Escherichia coli O157 attachment to and detachment from stainless steel (SS) is important for controlling this foodborne pathogen. The aim of this study was to evaluate the interactions of six E. coli strains (four O157:H7, one O157:H12, and one O1:H7) with SS type 304 finishes of various surface roughness: 2B (unpolished surface), 4 (common food grade SS), and 8 (polished smooth surface). In attachment assays (exposure to cell suspensions with periodic swirling), bacteria were enumerated by epifluorescence microscopy, and in detachment assays a blotting technique and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used. Attachment data suggest that E. coli attach in greater numbers to significantly smoother SS8; however, detachment assays and AFM data suggest cells are more easily removed from this finish. Conversely, attachment to SS2B was lower, and AFM data suggest that E. coli O157 may adhere more strongly to this finish. Attachment and detachment data for SS4 was variable, suggesting complex attachment mechanisms to this type of SS. SS4 is the most common material used in food processing facilities. The data from this study indicate that bacterial interactions with SS4 are complex and less easily predicted than those with SS of other finishes, including 2B and 8. These differences in bacterial attachment may be of concern to the food industry and warrant further investigation.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Escherichia coli strains expressing H12 antigens demonstrate an increased ability to attach to abiotic surfaces as compared with E. coli strains expressing H7 antigensGoulter, R.; Taran, E.; Gentle, I.; Gobius, K.; Dykes, Gary (2014)The role of Escherichia coli H antigens in hydrophobicity and attachment to glass, Teflon and stainless steel (SS) surfaces was investigated through construction of fliC knockout mutants in E. coli O157:H7, O1:H7 and ...
Nguyen, V.; Turner, M.; Dykes, Gary (2011)This work aimed to investigate the influence of physicochemical properties and prior mode of growth (planktonic or sessile culture) on attachment of 13 Campylobacter jejuni strains and 5 Campylobacter coli strains isolated ...
Role of capsular polysaccharides and lipooligosaccharides in campylobacter surface properties, autoagglutination, and attachment to abiotic surfacesNguyen, V.; Barlow, R.; Fegan, N.; Turner, M.; Dykes, Gary (2013)The role of capsular polysaccharides and lipooligosaccharides in cell surface hydrophobicity, surface charge, autoagglutination (AAG), and attachment to abiotic surfaces of three strains of Campylobacter jejuni and one ...