Frequency of tail loss reflects variation in predation levels, predator efficiency, and the behaviour of three populations of brown anoles
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We investigated two predictions regarding the incidence of tail regeneration in lizards for three populations ofbrown anoles exposed to varying predation levels from the same predator (cats). Firstly although inefficientpredators are likely to increase the incidence of regenerated tails (i.e. lizards can escape through tail autotomy),highly efficient predators will kill and eat the lizard and thus leave no evidence of autotomy. At the site with nocats, only 4% of anoles demonstrated signs of tail regeneration. This value was not significantly different from thesite where feral cats (i.e. ‘efficient’ predators that would capture prey to eat, as supported by behaviouralobservation) were present (7%). By contrast, 25% of anoles present at the site with pet cats (well-fed domesticatedcats that caught and played with anoles, i.e. were ‘inefficient’ predators) exhibited regenerated tails. Secondly, moreobvious lizards are more susceptible to predation attempts. Supporting this hypothesis, our data indicate a higherincidence of regenerated tails (28%) was recorded amongst adult males (which are territorial, occupying exposedpositions) compared to females and subadult males (17%) or juveniles (1%). In conclusion, the behaviour of boththe predator and the lizard influences the frequency of regenerated tails in brown anoles.
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Fleming, P.; Valentine, L.; Bateman, Bill (2013)Caudal autotomy is a common defense mechanism in lizards, where the animal may lose part or all of its tail to escape entrapment. Lizards show an immense variety in the degree of investment in a tail (i.e., length) across ...
To cut a long tail short: A review of lizard caudal autotomy studies carried out over the last 20 yearsBateman, Bill; Fleming, P. (2009)Caudal autotomy, the ability to shed the tail, is common in lizards as a response toattempted predation. Since Arnold’s substantial review of caudal autotomy as adefence in reptiles 20 years ago, our understanding of the ...
Autotomy, tail regeneration and jumping ability in Cape dwarf geckos (Lygodactylus capensis)(Gekkonidae)Fleming, P.; Bateman, Bill (2012)Many studies have examined the effect of caudal autotomy on speed and behaviour of lizardsescaping over horizontal surfaces, but there have been few studies on lizards escaping oververtical surfaces and, in particular, ...