A Comparison by Milk Feeding Method of the Nutrient Intake of a Cohort of Australian Toddlers
MetadataShow full item record
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Breastfeeding is recommended beyond 12 months of age, but little is known about the contribution of breastmilk and infant formula to the nutritional intake of toddlers as they transition to a family diet in the second year of life. This study is a cross-sectional analysis of data collected from a birth cohort study in Adelaide, Australia. Dietary intake data were collected when children were approximately 1 year of age by an interviewer-administered multi-pass 24 h recall and a mother-completed 2 days food diary. Children were categorized according to their milk feeding method, i.e., breastmilk, infant formula, combination or other, and their nutrient intakes compared with recommended nutrient reference values. Complete data were available for 832 children, of which 714 had plausible energy intakes. Breastmilk and formula made a substantial contribution to the nutrient intake of those toddlers, contributing 28% and 34% of total energy, and 16% and 26% of protein intake, respectively when not drunk in combination. In general, Australian toddlers transitioning to the family diet consumed nutritionally adequate diets, although almost one quarter of all children and half of breastfed children with plausible intakes had iron intakes below the estimated average requirement, placing them at risk of iron deficiency.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Determinants and sources of iron intakes of australian toddlers: Findings from the SMILE cohort studyScott, Jane; Gee, Georgina; Devenish, Gemma; Ha, D.; Do, L. (2019)© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The first two years of life is a period of rapid growth and development. During this time a lack of key nutrients, including iron, can have long-lasting effects ...
Sources and determinants of discretionary food intake in a cohort of Australian children aged 12–14 monthsCoxon, Claire; Devenish, Gemma ; Ha, D.; Do, L.; Scott, Jane (2020)Despite recommendations to the contrary, consumption of discretionary (energy-dense, nutrient-poor) foods begins for some children early in the weaning period, and the proportion of children consuming discretionary foods ...
Relative Validity of a 24-h Recall in Assessing Intake of Key Nutrients in a Cohort of Australian ToddlersBeaton, Elizabeth; Wright, Janine; Devenish, Gemma; Do, L.; Scott, Jane (2018)There is limited information concerning the dietary intake of toddlers in Australia. Consequently, there is a need for studies investigating toddler intake that use dietary assessment measures that are valid and place a ...