The effect of face inversion on the detection of emotional faces in visual search
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Past literature has indicated that face inversion either attenuates emotion detection advantages in visual search, implying that detection of emotional expressions requires holistic face processing, or has no effect, implying that expression detection is feature based. Across six experiments that utilised different task designs, ranging from simple (single poser, single set size) to complex (multiple posers, multiple set sizes), and stimuli drawn from different databases, significant emotion detection advantages were found for both upright and inverted faces. Consistent with past research, the nature of the expression detection advantage, anger superiority (Experiments 1, 2 and 6) or happiness superiority (Experiments 3, 4 and 5), differed across stimulus sets. However both patterns were evident for upright and inverted faces. These results indicate that face inversion does not interfere with visual search for emotional expressions, and suggest that expression detection in visual search may rely on feature-based mechanisms.
This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Cognition and Emotion on 17/09/2014, available online at <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02699931.2014.958981">http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02699931.2014.958981</a>
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Lipp, Ottmar; Price, S.; Tellegen, C. (2009)The decrease in recognition performance after face inversion has been taken to suggest that faces are processed holistically. Three experiments, 1 with schematic and 2 with photographic faces, were conducted to assess ...
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Savage, R.; Lipp, Ottmar; Craig, B.; Becker, S.; Horstmann, G. (2013)Previous research has provided inconsistent results regarding visual search for emotional faces, yielding evidence for either anger superiority (i.e., more efficient search for angry faces) or happiness superiority effects ...