Do Health Claims and Front-of-Pack Labels Lead to a Positivity Bias in Unhealthy Foods?
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Health claims and front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) may lead consumers to hold more positive attitudes and show a greater willingness to buy food products, regardless of their actual healthiness. A potential negative consequence of this positivity bias is the increased consumption of unhealthy foods. This study investigated whether a positivity bias would occur in unhealthy variations of four products (cookies, corn flakes, pizzas and yoghurts) that featured different health claim conditions (no claim, nutrient claim, general level health claim, and higher level health claim) and FoPL conditions (no FoPL, the Daily Intake Guide (DIG), Multiple Traffic Lights (MTL), and the Health Star Rating (HSR)). Positivity bias was assessed via measures of perceived healthiness, global evaluations (incorporating taste, quality, convenience, etc.) and willingness to buy. On the whole, health claims did not produce a positivity bias, while FoPLs did, with the DIG being the most likely to elicit this bias. The HSR most frequently led to lower ratings of unhealthy foods than the DIG and MTL, suggesting that this FoPL has the lowest risk of creating an inaccurate positivity bias in unhealthy foods.
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The relative ability of different front-of-pack labels to assist consumers discriminate between healthy, moderately healthy, and unhealthy foodsTalati, Zenobia; Pettigrew, Simone; Ball, K.; Hughes, C.; Kelly, B.; Neal, B.; Dixon, H. (2017)The degree to which different front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) can assist consumers to make healthy choices seems to depend on the extent to which the FoPLs provide an interpretation of the nutrition information presented. ...
The combined effect of front-of-pack nutrition labels and health claims on consumers’ evaluation of food productsTalati, Zenobia; Pettigrew, Simone; Hughes, C.; Dixon, H.; Kelly, B.; Ball, K.; Miller, C. (2016)The majority of studies examining the effect of nutrition information on food packets (such as the nutrition information panel (NIP), front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) and health claims) have examined each in isolation, even ...
Talati, Zenobia; Pettigrew, Simone; Kelly, B.; Ball, K.; Dixon, H.; Shilton, T. (2016)Previous research has shown that front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) can assist people to make healthier food choices if they are easy to understand and people are motivated to use them. There is some evidence that FoPLs providing ...