Traumatic brain injury rates and sequelae: A comparison of prisoners with a matched community sample in Australia
MetadataShow full item record
Aim: To compare rates of past reported traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a prisoner sample with those in a control group drawn from the same location of usual residence. Method: The prisoner group comprised a consecutive sample of men (n=200) received into custody and screened by face-to-face interview. The control group comprised men (n=200) matched for location of usual residence screened by telephone interview. Participants were asked about past TBIs and screened for drug and alcohol abuse, impulsivity and dissocial personality disorder. Results: Eighty-two per cent of prisoners and 71.5% of community participants reported at least one past TBI of any severity (i.e. with or without a loss of consciousness (LOC)) and 64.5% of prisoners and 32.2% of community participants reported at least one TBI associated with a LOC. Prisoners were more likely to report persisting side-effects of TBI and were much more likely to screen positive for impulsivity and dissocial personality disorder. Multivariate analyses found no significant association between TBI frequency or severity and custody/community group membership. Conclusions: High reported rates of TBI in prisoner populations may reflect the excess of socio-demographic risk factors for TBI. Results of the current study do not support a role for TBI as causally related to criminal conduct.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Butler, Tony; Malacova, E.; Richters, J.; Yap, L.; Grant, L.; Richards, A.; Smith, A.; Donovan, B. (2013)Objective To describe prisoners' sexual experiences and sexual practices while in the community, sexual identities, and sexual health (e.g. self-reported exposure to sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and female ...
Schneider, K.; Richters, J.; Butler, Tony; Yap, L.; Richards, A.; Grant, L.; Smith, A.; Donovan, B. (2011)Background Prison populations are made up of individuals from disadvantaged, often abusive backgrounds, who are more likely to suffer from psychological problems than the general community. Aim This study aimed to determine ...
Simpson, P.; Reekie, J.; Butler, Tony; Richters, J.; Yap, L.; Grant, L.; Richards, A.; Donovan, B. (2015)Very little research has focused on men or prisoners as victims of sexual violence. This study provides the first population-based analysis of factors associated with sexual coercion of men in Australian prisons, and the ...