Measurement and monitoring of nausea severity in emergency department patients: A comparison of scales and exploration of treatment efficacy outcome measures
MetadataShow full item record
Objectives The objective was to investigate the correlation of the visual analog scale (VAS) and numeric rating scale (NRS) for nausea severity measurement and to explore options for improved reporting of antiemetic efficacy trial results. Methods This was a multicenter observational study of adult emergency department (ED) patients with nausea. Participants rated severity at enrollment and 30 minutes posttreatment using an adjectival scale, a VAS, and an NRS. Posttreatment, patients described symptom change and rated satisfaction. Results Ratings were performed by 258 patients. Both the VAS (0 to 100 mm) and the NRS (0 to 10) discriminated between adjectival severity categories. Median ratings with interquartile ranges (IQRs) were "severe" VAS 90.5 (IQR = 79 to 97) and NRS 9 (IQR = 8 to 9), "moderate" VAS 59 (IQR = 48 to 71) and NRS 6 (IQR = 5 to 7), "mild" VAS 34 (IQR = 25 to 49) and NRS 4 (IQR = 3 to 5), and "none" VAS 5 (IQR = 0 to 9) and NRS 0 (IQR = 0 to 1). Correlation between the VAS and NRS was high (0.83, Spearman). For the VAS, median mm (IQR) reductions for posttreatment change were "a lot less" -42 (IQR = -26 to -58.5), "a little less" -20.5 (IQR = -11 to -33), "the same" -2 (IQR = -8 to 3.5), "a little more" 14 (IQR = -2 to 22), and "a lot more" 17 (IQR = 6 to 23) and for satisfaction were "very satisfied" -45 (IQR = -27 to 63), "satisfied" -27 (IQR = -13 to 46), "unsure" -15 (IQR = -3 to -24), "dissatisfied" 4.5 (IQR = -5.5 to 13.5), and "very dissatisfied" 8.5 (IQR = 0 to 23). A VAS cutoff of =-5 mm detected symptom improvement with sensitivity 91.6% (95% CI = 86.7% to 95.1%), specificity 72.1% (95% CI = 59.9% to 82.3%), and positive predictive value 90.2% (95% CI = 85.1% to 94.0%). Conclusions The VAS and NRS correlate highly. A VAS cutoff level of =-5 mm was a good predictor of symptom improvement, suggesting that its inclusion as an outcome measure would enhance reporting in antiemetic efficacy trials.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The role of functional, radiological and self-reported measures in predicting clinical outcome in spondylotic cervical radiculopathyAgarwal, Shabnam (2011)BackgroundCervical radiculopathy (CR) results in significant disability and pain and is commonly treated conservatively with satisfactory clinical outcomes. However, a considerable number of patients require surgery to ...
Turner, Sian Elizabeth (2009)Background and research questions. The characterization of chronic persistent asthma in an older adult population is not well defined. This is due to the difficulties in separating the diagnosis of asthma from that of ...
An investigation of the current management of asthma in adolescents and children in Saudi Arabia, barriers to optimal care, and the influence of patient educationAl Thagfan, Sultan Saad (2012)The incidence of childhood asthma in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) ranges from 4% in some regions to 23% in others. Although international and national guidelines have been issued to improve the management of asthma, ...